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Unemployment and Inflation Economics Discussion

Unemployment and Inflation Economics Discussion

Unemployment and Inflation Economics Discussion

Think of this assignment as a debate. Your reading on the topic of unemployment and inflation should give you enough insights to pick your arguments and to find evidence or research to support your point of view in the matter. We have recently seen what a global pandemic can do to the U.S. economy and the world economy. The U.S. economy is very much linked with the rest of the world. The elected government has used various fiscal policies to stimulate the U.S. economy. The Federal Reserves (the Fed) have used various monetary tools to stimulate the economy as well.

Debate the actions of the government and the Fed regarding these issues.

1. What kinds of factors would you want to consider in determining a nation’s optimal rate of inflation and unemployment?

2. Pick a recent fiscal policy and a recent monetary policy. Discuss the purposes and the effects of the policies. Pros and cons? Winners and losers?

3. How would the policies affect inflation, unemployment, national debt, etc?

You are more than welcome to add many other aspects, data, facts, and analysis to the discussion.

REMEMBER: This is not a business ethic class or a law class or a religious study group or a personal story time. Use economics theories when you debate each point and argue your case.

. You are required to create one original post and reply to at least two postings of other students for each discussion You must contribute to each discussion within the deadline. The discussions must be posted in the Discussion Forum of our online classroom. To access discussion topics, click on Discussions. Points will be awarded based on the grading criteria below. Remember that the discussions take the place of classroom participation. So, please devote sufficient time and effort to this important part of our course. Your posting must be a minimum of 350 words and your thoughtful response to someone else’s posting must be a minimum of 250 words

response1 :1.What kinds of factors would you want to consider in determining a nation’s optimal rate of inflation and unemployment?

First, it should be noted that the unemployment and inflation are interrelated. One of them leads to the other. In times of high demand that is not matched with increased supply of products, sellers tent to hike prices to take advantage of the situation. The increased price is what is called inflation and to control that, the governments increases interest rates to control the inflation. The increased interest rates on the other hand create a shortage of capital for investment and that translates to increase in unemployment in the area. That qualifies the consideration of prices levels in determining the level of inflation and unemployment in a country (Alisa, 2015). On the same note, money supply in the economy is an issue to consider I determining. Normally, when the volume of money in circulation is high, the money tents to lose value as it are in the hands of many. Ideally, money should be scars for it to maintain its value. The loss of value is inflation, and the government or the monetary system controls that using several tools which may include increased interest rates which on the other hand affects investment negatively leading to unemployment.

2. Pick a recent fiscal policy and a recent monetary policy. Discuss the purposes and the effects of the policies. Pros and cons?

Winners and losers?Owing to the impact of covid-19 pandemic, governments including the U.S government have resulted in the use of expansionary fiscal policy. The step taken by the government in the recent past is the increased government spending in purchase of gods and services from the local economy. That helps in giving the local trader business throughout even during times of serious recession. The advantage associated with it is that it acts to cushion the economy of a country against adverse effects of a recession. The winner is such a situation is everyone in an economy including the government since it shall secured a continued floe of government revenue (Alisa, 2015).On the other hand, a recent monetary policy applied by the federal government is the lowering of interest rates. That makes capital available for business to access and continue producing as they fight the economic recession. The economy wins it as it will not be affected adversely by the recession.

3.How would the policies affect inflation, unemployment, national debt, etc?

Increased government spending creates enough supply of money and that greatly boosts the companies that resultantly employ people to continue producing so that it can meet the artificially created demand. The increase in demand matched with increased supply solves the problem of inflation in the economy. Another effect that can be associated with increased government spending is increased tax burden on the citizens since the government has to find a source of the funding which greatly comes from taxation. The lowered interest rates create an immediate availability of capital for firms who invest in production helping in lowering unemployment rates. Again, the increase in demand due as a result of availability of money is offset by increases in supply of goods and that helps in maintain price levels (Alisa, 2015). Lowered interest rates have the impact of lowering the cost of borrowing more debt. Similarly, enjoying lowered interest rates increased the tax burden is the sense that people rush to make investments and purchase assets which the government targets for generation of its revenue.


Alisa, M. (2015). The Relationship between inflation and unemployment: a theoretical discussion about the Philips Curve. Journal of International Business and Economics, 3(2), 89-97.

response 2 :1. What kinds of factors would you want to consider in determining a nation’s optimal rate of inflation and unemployment?

Several factors are determining the rate of inflation and unemployment. The optimal rate of inflation is 1.4% and is affected by the rising prices of goods, the services that the employees provide to the employers, the costs of goods, the country’s economic condition, and the GDP. Similarly, the level of unemployment is affected by different factors like poverty, education level, literacy rate, GDP, number of jobs, and the balance of services and goods. If the goods are in excess and the services are numerous, then unemployment will be less. The countries always desired that the rate of employment should be less and maximum people should be doing some job and contribute to the country (PICARDO, 2019).

2. Pick a recent fiscal policy and a recent monetary policy. Discuss the purposes and the effects of the policies. Pros and cons? Winners and losers?

The tax cut policy is an example of fiscal policy. It cut 20-35% taxes from the income to give benefit to the education sector and the government. The government tried to benefit the education sector as the literacy rate will be increased, and the education sector will be given more facilities. It was signed in 2017, and the residents were not happy as they had to face the loss in their income. (USA, 2017). The current monetary policy is to sustain the prices of goods and to increase the employment rates. The pros and cons include the upper class’s restriction and benefits to the lower class of society (CRSR, 2018). Both types of policies have positive and negative impacts on society, but efforts are made to get the maximum benefits.

3. How would the policies affect inflation, unemployment, national debt, etc?

The policies are the foremost and essential factors to affect inflation, unemployment, and national debts because the country’s system is in the hand of government and policymakers. They have to give direction to the people that they have to spend their official and professional lives. They have to design such policies that are for the benefit of people and should be long term. It is seen that the countries that have strong policies have low national debt and an optimum inflation rate. The government should ask the policymakers to analyze all the circumstances carefully before designing the policies. It is also an essential factor that the public does not know the political influence and relations with other countries, so they have to follow the policymakers and the government (KRAMER, 2020).


CRSR. (2018). Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions. Retrieved from…

KRAMER, L. (2020). How Do Governments Reduce Inflation? Retrieved from…

PICARDO, E. (2019). How Inflation and Unemployment Are Related. Retrieved from…

USA. (2017). Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. Retrieved from

Unemployment and Inflation Economics Discussion

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First, you’ll want to prepare by reading all the material thoroughly and thinking about some of the different issues raised in your reading. You’ll want to do what’s called a “critical read” of the material, where you don’t just accept the information, but—after you understand it—you question it. Then, select one of the ideas, which has lingered in your mind because you disagree or are uncomfortable with it, or because you agree with it but believe it needs much more thought. Narrow down your ideas into a question about this idea that you might want to investigate in your paper. Ask yourself what your feelings are about this issue, and what reasons you might use to support your feelings. If you like what you have come up with, then you are ready to form a preliminary thesis. If you do not like it then go back and consider another question from your reading.

Write down a preliminary thesis statement that specifies your topic, states your ideas about this topic, and suggests the arrangement of your paper’s argument. Make sure you refer back to your reading and choose details that support your arguments. If you use quotations or refer to the text, it should only be to support your own ideas.

Then try writing a first draft and leaving it for a day. Then go back, reread and revise as necessary.
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While you may have paid for the work done on the essay, the work is still not yours. It does not represent your intellectual effort or your original ideas, nor does it represent your abilities with written English. Under most commonly accepted definitions of plagiarism used in most North American academic institutions, plagiarism is not limited to copying text. It also includes, but is by no means limited to: “ghost writing”—having someone else write for you; purchasing a text—online or from a friend; patchwriting—copying together various parts of different texts in new ways; borrowing a paper from a friend or fraternity/sorority archives; or turning in unaltered work from a previous course.
How do I create a “proper” bulleted list?
Consistency is the most important aspect here. If the writer of a text is inserting a bulleted list within a longer, non-bulleted text, and the bulleted text forms a sentence, so to speak, the first letter is usually not capitalized. Here is an example.

In all of Virginia Woolf’s major texts of fiction, she includes:
– stream of consciousness,
– references to her family, and
– feminist issues.

The other way to do it is as follows.

All of Virginia Woolf’s major texts of fiction include the following:
– Stream-of-consciousness texts
– Family references, especially so her mother
– Issues directly related to feminism

It is important, in the last type, to precede the bulleted list with a
complete sentence. It is also very important to remember parallelism. In
other words, make sure you begin each bulleted list with either a noun or
an action verb, but not one or the other. Again, consistency is the key.
Also, remember that as in an outline, there should never be only one bullet item; you should only use bullets with an actual list.
What is an absolute phrase?
An absolute phrase is a phrase that modifies a noun and is connected to a sentence without the use of a conjunction. An absolute phrase could be removed from a sentence and the sentence would still make sense. Here are some examples:
Marsha looked worried, her fears creeping up on her.
In this sentence above, “her fears creeping up on her” is the absolute phrase. “Creeping” modifies the noun “fears.” While the word “creeping” modifies the noun “fears,” the absolute phrase, “her fears creeping up on her,” modifies the complete sentence, “Marsha looked worried.”
I have grammar homework for my language arts/ESL grammar class. I need help with number 27, which deals with appositives. Here’s what question number 27 says…
Unfortunately, OWL staff are unable to answer large numbers of questions that require detailed responses.

If you require more in-depth grammatical information, we recommend books such as the following:

English Grammar in Use by Raymond Murphy
The Gregg Reference Manual by William Sabin
Rhetorical Grammar by Martha Kolln
While we understand that some of these books may be expensive, it is possible that your school library, or your local public/municipal library may have these books in their references section.



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