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American College of Education Discipline Issues Action Approach Analysis

American College of Education Discipline Issues Action Approach Analysis

American College of Education Discipline Issues Action Approach Analysis


Analyzing Office Discipline Data

Positive Behavioral Support Systems (PBSS) are school-wide approaches to student discipline, behavior management, and school safety explicitly integrated into a school’s strategic planning and school improvement process, often related to a Response to Intervention (RTI) process.

In this module, you will consider how the office referrals at Lacy Elementary School over a three-year period reflect upon changes in discipline approaches, identifying five major trends which may impact the quality of the school’s learning environment.

  1. Save and print the Module 2 PDF assignment.
  2. Open and save for reference the Module 2 Data Packet: Lacy Elementary Office Referrals. The packet contains:
    • Table 1: Data Summary of Office Referrals for Disciplinary Incidents
    • Table 2: Data Summary of Disciplinary Actions on Office Referrals
    • Bar Graph 1: Disciplinary Incidents per 100 Students Attending the School
    • Bar Graph 2: Disciplinary Action by Ethnicity/Gender
    • Bar Graph 3: Ethnic/Gender Groups’ Percent of School Enrollment
  3. Create a Word document for your response. Use APA format
  4. Create a title page and references page in APA format.
  5. Follow the description on how to complete Part 1: Data Analysis for Office Referrals.
  6. Research appropriate articles in response to Part 2: The Research by composing a thoughtful, well-elaborated response to each appropriate question.
  7. Utilizing the results from Part 2, describe a possible professional development training to address practical ways of supporting change in the classroom and school-wide.


At the graduate level, it is appropriate to include a brief introduction to set the stage for what follows in the body of the document.

Part 1: Data Analysis for Office Referrals

Step 1: Analyze the data presented in Table 1 – Data Summary of Office Referrals for Disciplinary Incidents. Study the progression of discipline incidents over the past three years.

Step 2: Identify and describe three major trends/patterns from this data in a single paragraph.

Step 3: Analyze the data presented in Table 2 – Data Summary of Disciplinary Actions on Office Referrals. Study the progression and types of discipline responses over the past three years.

Step 4: Identify and describe three major trends/patterns from this data in a single paragraph.

Step 5: Review the data and your identified trends/patterns. Generally, what do you observe happening with different student groups at Lacy Elementary School in regard to disciplinary incidents and actions? Describe these insights in a single paragraph.

Step 6: Using Hypothesis as a subheading for this section of Part 1, state a hypothesis based on the trends and patterns identified from the data analysis. This will be a single sentence followed by a single supporting sentence.

Part 2: The Research

Step 1: Using the articles found in the bibliography for this course and conducting your own research using the EBSCO databases, identify what research suggests are the top 3 disciplinary issues found at either elementary, middle, or high school levels. Do these findings address your hypothesis? Why or why not?

Step 2: In this section of the document, address each disciplinary issue identified, using citations to support your findings. Which, if any, of these issues were also evident in the data analysis of Lacy Elementary School conducted in Part 1?

Step 3: In a concluding paragraph, summarize the analysis and findings of the data and the research into the trends.

Part 3: Disciplinary Actions Professional Development

Write a comprehensive paragraph describing a professional development session in which you could address the identified disciplinary issues. What will teachers know when they leave this session? How will they learn these ideas or concepts? What will teachers need to complete these activities (PowerPoint presentation, handouts, references, etc.)? NOTE: You are not creating these materials. You are describing them in narrative format.


As expected of all graduate-level, APA documents, it is appropriate to address conclusions drawn from the experience of considering these topics.

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